CNC Milling Machine Axis Explained

(Last Updated On: June 25, 2020)

CNC milling machine works with the help of programmed computer software. The application is used for handling a variety of techniques like milling, water jet cutting, and laser cutting materials. Standard instructions and code are planted or fed inside the machine using CAD, and due to these codes, the machine can work automatically without any operator. Manufacturers can make the most of this machine as it reduces costs and gives them better accuracy with high production. The CNC milling machine can operate along with multiple axis points and this is we need to understand what these Axis are. In this buying guide, we will explain to you the CNC milling machine Axis.

Machine Axis

The CNC machines have at least four or more Axis, and the number of Axis on a machine will define the type of work you can do with it. The machine can also level the detail it can cut or the workpiece location it can manipulate.


The 3-Axis machine ensures that the machine can stay in one direction while the cutting process is going on. The tool will operate along the XYZ plane to cut or trim any material, but it will be suitable only for those materials that don’t require a lot of depth or detail. It is most commonly used for producing mechanical components. You can use it for milling and drilling holes or cutting sharp edges.


4-Axis machine works in the same manner as 3-Axis, but it has a new rotatory movement alongside the X-axis. The X-axis is also referred to as an A-axis, and the rotation which happens around B-Axis will allow the workpiece to cut different materials. You can make plenty of holes and cuts quite efficiently. The 4th Axis is an additional axis that will help the machine to flip over automatically. It will help to remove the materials from both the left and right sides. You can use the tool for intermittent cutting and continuous cutting. Engraving the curved surfaces will also become easy.


The 5-Axis machine consists of a total of 5-axis, and it determines that the device can manipulate automatically from every five sides. The movement along the X, Y, and Z axes will make your work easy. The best thing about this machine is that it selects two or three rotational axes that are A, B, and C to use. The A, B, and C axis can perform a 180-degree rotation around the X, Y, and Z-axis. You can make use of this machine for automobiles, aerospace and boating industries, and the results it gives are quite efficient and precise. The application can be used on the most complex components which are not easy to cut manually as it will require a lot of time and effort. You will have to arrange for a great CNC programming and accommodate the rotating program according to your convenience. It features high productivity, accuracy, and high-quality finishes, which is why it is used in most industries.



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